Child Protection and Safeguarding Policy

Brunswick Youth and Community Centre has a child protection and safeguarding policy which you can read here.

Definition of Abuse

A child is considered to be abused, or at risk of abuse, when basic needs are not met by avoidable acts of either commission or omission: in other words there is a recognition that abuse is not necessarily a physical act but can occur through omitting to act.  Abuse can also involve exposing children to activities that are, in themselves, abusive (this can include pornography, grooming etc).  The four main types of abuse; Physical, Emotional, Sexual and Neglect. (See page 7)

Introduction

All organisations that make provision for children and young people must ensure that:

Brunswick Youth & Community Centre is committed to practice that protects children from harm.  Staff and volunteers who work for Brunswick Youth & Community Centre will recognise and accept our responsibilities to develop the awareness of the issues that may cause young people harm.

We, as an organisation, should equip staff with the necessary information and knowledge to give young people the support, guidance and help needed.

Policy Statement

Brunswick Youth & Community Centre has a duty of care to safeguard all children involved from harm.  All children have a right to protection, and the needs of disabled children and others who may be particularly vulnerable must be taken into account.  Brunswick Youth & Community Centre will ensure the safety and protection of all children involved through adherence to the Child Protection guidelines adopted by Brunswick Youth & Community Centre.

A child is defined as a person under the age of 18 (The Children Act 1989).

Policy aims

The aim of the Brunswick Youth & Community Centre Child Protection / Safe Guarding Policy is to promote good practice:

As an organisation, Brunswick Youth & Community Centre will endeavour to safeguard young people by: –

Child Protection Officer

The Brunswick Youth & Community Centre has appointed a Child Protection Officer who is responsible for overseeing the implementation of this Policy. Brunswick Youth & Community Centre Child Protection Officer is Keith Lloyd – Centre Manager.    As first point of  contact any Child Protection issue should be reported to your immediate Line Manager. 

RECRUITMENT AND TRAINING OF STAFF AND VOLUNTEERS 

Brunswick Youth & Community Centre recognises that anyone may have the potential to abuse children in some way and that all reasonable steps are taken to ensure unsuitable people are prevented from working with children.  Pre-selection checks must include the following:

Rehabilitation of offenders

All applicants are subject to enhanced disclosures, whilst there are a number of situations preventing applicants from working with children Brunswick Youth & Community Centre CPO will review individuals circumstances and may, on occasion, and without precedent employ former offenders providing they are not on the sex offenders register, have a schedule one conviction or subject to license or court orders preventing them from working with children.

Induction

All employees and volunteers should receive an induction, during which:

Training

In addition to pre-selection checks, the safeguarding process includes training after recruitment to help staff and volunteers to:

Reporting an incident

All staff will adhere to the following guidelines:

Institutionalised reporting – External Organisations

In the event of Institutionalised Disclosure/Suspicion within an external environment, Brunswick Youth & Community staff must report any incidence or suspicions directly to the CPO.  Under no circumstances must they alert the person to the fact that a complaint/disclosure/allegation or suspicion has been made against them or their colleagues.

Institutionalised reporting – within Brunswick Youth & Community Centre

In cases of Institutionalised Disclosure/Suspicion within Brunswick Youth & Community Centre any person reporting the incident must report directly to Brunswick Youth & Community  Centre Manager or if not available or involved the Brunswick Youth & Community Centre Board of Trustees.  Under no circumstances must any staff be alerted to the fact that a complaint/ allegation/suspicion has been made against them or their colleagues.

Internal Enquiries and Suspension

Brunswick Youth & Community Centre Child Protection Officer will make a decision about whether any individual accused of abuse should be temporarily suspended pending further police and social services inquiries.

Irrespective of the findings of the social services or police inquiries Brunswick Youth & Community Centre will asses all individual cases to decide whether a member of staff or volunteer can be reinstated and how this can be sensitively handled.  This may be a difficult decision; particularly where there is insufficient evidence to uphold any action by the police.  In such cases Brunswick Youth & Community Centre must reach a decision based upon the available information which could suggest that on a balance of probability, it is more likely than not that the allegation is true.

The welfare of the child should remain of paramount importance throughout.

Support to deal with the aftermath of abuse

 Allegations of previous abuse

Allegations of abuse may be made some time after the event (e.g. by an adult who was abused as a child or by a member of staff who is currently working with children).

Where such an allegation is made, Brunswick Youth & Community Centre should follow the procedures as detailed above and report the matter to the social services or the police.  This is because other children may be at risk from this person.  Anyone who has a previous criminal conviction for offences related to child abuse is automatically excluded from working with children.

Good Practice Guidelines

The definition of child abuse can be broken down in the following: –

Neglect

Parents are responsible for giving love, care and protection and for providing adequate food, shelter, clothing, medical care, supervision and protection, education and social and moral guidance.

If aspects of these are missing it is likely that a child is being neglected.

Neglect is often difficult to detect, as it is usually a slow, ongoing process.

Indicators of neglect might be:

NB: This is not exhaustive or exclusive.

Physical Abuse

Most children suffer accidents from time to time, which result in physical injury.  When faced with an injured child the worker must decide whether the accident is of accidental origin or not.

Some injuries may seem insignificant in themselves but repeated injuries, even of a minor nature, may be symptomatic of child abuse and if no action is taken the child

may be injured more seriously.

Physical injuries of children can take many forms, including; bruises, fractures, scalds/burns, weal’s, scars, brain injuries, eye injuries, internal injuries, poisoning, bites, grip marks.

Common sites for accidental injuries are: forehead, crown, bony spine, elbow, hip, knee and shin.

Sexual abuse

The nature of sexual abuse covers a broad spectrum from caressing to intercourse.

Sometimes there are physical signs and symptoms which may indicate sexual abuse, including:

Sometimes there are behavioural signs or symptoms which may indicate sexual abuse, including:

Emotional abuse

Emotional abuse can exist on its own.  Emotionally abused children find their needs met with indifference, hostility or an inconsistent manner.

Abuse may include: verbal hostility, ridicule, sarcasm, shaming, belittling, threatening, tantalising.

It may go on to cruel treatment, e.g.: locking children in their bedrooms or cupboards; making unrealistic domestic demands of them; withholding basic needs such as food, warmth, clothing, as punishment.

These conditions may lead to physical, emotional and intellectual delay or stunting.

Young people may require protection as a result of their own action.  These may include:

Safeguarding Children & Risk Assessment

The following guidelines are used to attempt to minimise abuse within the workplace.  They are not in specific order and are neither exclusive nor exhaustive.

1:6 under eights (increasing if under 5’s)

1:10/15 eight to eleven years

1:15/20 over elevens

however due care must be given to specific children who may require a higher ratio of support.

Trips out/Holidays

Ensure:

Use of the Internet

The Child Protection/ Safe Guarding Policy and guidelines will operate with the framework of the following Brunswick Youth & Community Centre policies and procedures

Health and Safety

Risk Assessment

Staff Identification

Signing In/Out Book

 

Childline Contact No:  )

NSPCC Helpine No:    )

Safeguarding Children)                   To be clearly displayed and accessible

And Young People      )                   to all children and young people

Policy Statement:        )

Guidelines on how to deal with direct disclosure

REMEMBER

You HAVE to report the incident.

Don’t assume the child will be taken into care.

Don’t make any personal judgements about the abuser.

Always maintain confidentiality and personal boundaries.

Institutionalised Disclosure

Guidelines on how to deal with suspicion of abuse

If a suspicion is reported to you by any adult, team member or child: either about an adult or child

If concern continues:

Guidelines on how to deal with known abuse from a third party

Guidelines on what to do if an adult discloses they are abusing a child

Confidentiality

Staff must maintain the organisations policy on confidentiality at all time.

Incident Report

All organisations should supply staff with an incident report.  This enables you to know that an allegation, suspicion or disclosure has been dealt with and that action has been taken.

It should outline proceedings with them signed and dated.

What happens next

All those working with children will have a natural interest in what happens once a child has disclosed to you.  The following procedure outlines the formal referral approach that will be taken by social services.

It covers Section 17 and Section 47 processes.

Procedure

Full guidance can be sought from:

‘’What to do if you’re Worried a Child is Being Abused’ booklet published by Department of Health

PO BOX 777

London SE1 6XH

Tel: 08702 555 455

Fax: 01623 724 524

Email: doh@prolog.uk.com

APPENDIX FOR QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE

Are you concerned about a case of child abuse?

When an incident occurs make a record of the incident

Complete Incident Report Form

Ensure that the young person is safe and receives any necessary medical attention

Report your concerns to your immediate Line Manager

If your Line Manager is not available, refer the matter straight to Brunswick Youth & Community Centre CPO.

Brunswick Youth & Community CPO will proceed from here

If you are concerned about poor working practice

Complete an incident Report Form and submit it to your Line Manager

If the report relates to the Centre Manager/CPO or your Line Manager, refer directly to the Board of Trustees (Contact details can be obtained from the Admin Coordinator Officer)

If you are the Line Manager report to Brunswick Youth & Community Centre CPO

If you are unable to follow the above Guide please contact :

 Careline Children’s Services: 0151 233 3700